Please find below academic references relating to the use of Trailmaster products and other camera traps. Viewable article will be annotated by a pdf logo or other notations.
If you wish to contribute to this reference site please send us a copy of
your work as an e-mail attachment to email@example.com or mail us a
copy to the address shown.
We at TrailMaster thank you for your continued support. We hope that this reference area will be of help to you. If you have any suggestions please e-mail us with your ideas.
To allow you to find your reference rapidly please just use Control F on the PC or Apple F on the Mac
Archer, A. L. 1994. A survey of hunting techniques and the results thereof on two species of duiker and
the suni antelopes in Zanzibar. Zanzibar Forestry Technical Paper 17. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial
Crops, Fruits and Forestry.
J.G. Sanderson & M. Trolle (2005) Monitoring elusive mammals. American Scientist, 93(2): 148-155
Trolle, M. (2004) Flashed in the forest. BBC Wildlife Magazine, 22(8): 30-37
Trolle, M. (2003). Camera trapping in the Rio Los Amigos region, Madre de Dios, Amazonia, SE Peru. Rapport til Amazon Conservation Association, www.amazonconservation.org/home/camera_trapping_losamigos.html
Trolle, M. & M. Kéry (2003) Ocelot density estimation in the Pantanal using capture-recapture analysis of camera-trapping data. Journal of Mammalogy, 84(2): 607-614
Archer, A. L. & Mwinyi, A. A. 1995. Further studies on the two duikers species and the suni antelope in
Zanzibar. Zanzibar Forestry Technical Paper 19. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and
Beentje, H. J. 1990. A reconnaissance survey of Zanzibar forests and coastal thicket. Zanzibar:
FIN NIDA, Dept. of Environment, Commission of Lands and Environment.
Brink, H., Topp-Jørgensen, J. E. & Marshall, A. R. 2002. First record in 68 years of Lowe’s servaline
genet. Oryx 36, 323–327. (See also www.frontier.ac.uk/12.htm.)
Burgess, N. D. 2000. Global importance and patterns in the distribution of coastal forest species. In N. D.
Burgess & G. P. Clarke (eds.): Coastal forests of eastern Africa. Pp. 235–248. Cambridge: IUCN.
Burgess, N. D., Clarke, G. P. & Rodgers, W. A. 1998. Coastal forests of eastern Africa: status, endemism
patterns and their potential causes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 64, 337–367.
Burgess, N. D. Kock, D., Cockle, A., FitzGibbon, C., Jenkins, P. & Honess, P. 2000. Mammals. In N. D.
Burgess & G. P. Clarke (eds.): Coastal forests of eastern Africa. Pp. 173–190. Cambridge: IUCN.
Burgess, N. D., Mwasumbi, L. B., Hawthorne, W. J., Dickinson, A. & Doggett, R. A. 1992. Preliminary
asssessment of the distribution, status and biological importance of coastal forests in Tanzania.
Biological Conservation 62, 205–218.
Burton, R. 1967 . Zanzibar: city, island, and coast. Vol. 1. New York: Johnson Reprint Corp.
CITES Appendix 1. 2003. On the internet at www.cites.org/.
Clarke, G. P. 2000. Defi ning the eastern African coastal forests. In N. D. Burgess & G. P. Clarke (eds.):
Coastal forests of eastern Africa. Pp. 9–26. Cambridge: IUCN.
Davies, G. & Vanden Berghe, E. (eds.) 1994. Check-list of the mammals of East Africa. Nairobi: East
Africa Natural History Society.
Dunkel, T. 2002. Caught in the act: camera traps in remote spots document rare or “nonexistent”
animals, helping conserve wildlands. Smithsonian December, 27–28.
Ellerman, J. R., Morrison-Scott, T. C. S. & Hayman, R. W. 1953. Southern African mammals, 1758–1951:
a reclassifi cation. London: British Museum (Natural History).
Estes, R. D. 1999. The safari companion. Totnes, UK: Chelsea Green Publishing Co.
Finnie, D. 2002. Ader’s duiker (Cephalophus adersi) species recovery plan (revised). Zanzibar Forestry
Technical Paper 124. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry.
Goldman, H. V. & Walsh, M. T. 1997. A leopard in jeopardy: an anthropological survey of practices
and beliefs which threaten the survival of the Zanzibar leopard (Panthera pardus adersi). Zanzibar
Forestry Technical Paper 63. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry. (A PDF can
be obtained from the authors on request.)
Goldman, H. V. & Walsh, M. T. in press. Is the Zanzibar leopard (Panthera pardus adersi) extinct? Journal
of East African Natural History.
||Goldman, H.V. & Winther-Hansen, J 2003. The Small Carnivores of Unguja. Results of a photo-trapping survey in Jozani Forest reserve, Zanzibar, Tanzania.
Harder, B. 2002. Elusive snow leopard seen in rare photos. National Geographic News 14 June, on the
internet at http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/06/0614 020614 snowleopards.html.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2002. See www.redlist.org/ on the internet. (The complete Red
List is not available on the internet, but searches can be made for individual species.)
Ingrams, W. H. 1967 . Zanzibar: its history and its people. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.
Jackson, R. & Hillard, D. 1986. Tracking the elusive snow leopard. National Geographic 169, 792–809.
Kingdon, J. 1977. East African mammals: an atlas of evolution in Africa. Vol. III Part A (Carnivores).
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kingdon, J. 1989. Island Africa: the evolution of Africa’s rare animals and plants. Princeton: Princeton
Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon fi eld guide to African mammals. San Diego: Academic Press.
Kingdon, J. & Howell, K. M. 1993. Mammals in the forest of eastern Africa. In J. C. Lovett & S.
K. Wasser (eds.): Biogeography and ecology of the rain forests of eastern Africa. Pp. 229–241.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leskinen, J., Pohjonen, V. M. & Ali, M. S. 1997. Woody biomass inventory of Zanzibar islands. Zanzibar
Foresty Technical Paper Series 40. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry.
Lorenz, L. von L. L. 1898. Säugetiere von Madagascar und Sansibar, gesammelt von Dr. A. Voeltzkow:
reisen in den jahren 1889–95. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft
Mansfi eld-Aders, W. 1967 . Chapter XXII: the natural history of Zanzibar and Pemba. In F. B.
Pearce: Zanzibar: the island metropolis of eastern Africa. Pp. 326–339. London: Frank Cass & Co.
Marshall, S. 1994. The status of the Zanzibar leopard. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and
Masoud, T. S. 1999. Incorporating trophy hunting in small antelope management programmes: feasibility
study for Jozani–Chwaka Bay Conservation Area, Zanzibar, Tanzania. M.Sc. thesis. Durrell Institute
of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent at Canterbury.
Mayles, S. W. 1997. A description of Unguja’s African civet based on a study of civetries. Zanzibar
Forestry Technical Paper 81. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry, School of
Meester, J. & Setzer, H. W. (eds.) 1971. The mammals of Africa: an identifi cation manual. Washington,
D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Mills, G. & Hes, L. 1997. The complete book of southern African mammals. Cape Town: Struik
Moreau, R. E. & Pakenham, R. H. W. 1941. The land vertebrates of Pemba, Zanzibar, and Mafi a: a
zoogeographical study. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (Ser. A) 110, 97–128.
Nahonyo, C. L., Mwasumbi, L. B., Eliapenda, S., Msuya, C., Mwansasu, C., Suya, T. M., Mponda, B. O.
& Kihaule, P. 2002. Jozani–Chwaka Bay proposed national park biodiversity inventory report. Zanzibar:
Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry, CARE–Tanzania.
Nyanje, P. 2003. Tanzania has 34.56 million people—Mkapa. The Guardian 1 January, p. 1.
Othman, W. J. & Rijali, H. A. 1997. Island wide red colobus census in Zanzibar. Zanzibar Forestry Technical
Paper 90. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry.
Pakenham, R. H. W. 1984. The mammals of Zanzibar and Pemba islands. Harpenden: printed privately.
Pinnacles National Monument TRAIL COUNT REPORT: 2000 . 2001. http://www.nps.gov/pinn/pdffiles/trailmaster.pdf
Plage, D. & Plage, M. 1985. In the shadow of Krakatau: return of Java’s wildlife. National Geographic
Pocock, R. I. 1932. The leopards of Africa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 543–591.
Revkin, A. C. 2001. Hidden cameras capture world of the rare and wild. New York Times July 31.
Robins, R. J. 1976. The composition of the Josani Forest, Zanzibar. Botanical Journal of the Linnean
Society 72, 233–234.
Rodgers, W. A. & Burgess, N. D. 2000. Taking conservation action. In N. D. Burgess & G. P. Clarke
(eds.): Coastal forests of eastern Africa. Pp. 317–334. Cambridge: IUCN.
Selkow, B. 1995. A survey of villager perceptions of the Zanzibar leopard. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial
Crops, Fruits and Forestry.
Siex K. S. & Struhsaker, T. T. 1999a. Ecology of the Zanzibar red colobus monkey: demographic variability
and habitat stability. International Journal of Primatology 20, 163–192.
Siex K. S. & Struhsaker, T. T. 1999b. Colobus monkeys and coconuts: a study of perceived human–
wildlife confl icts. Journal of Applied Ecology 36, 1009–1020.
Spalton, A. 2002. Chasing the leopard’s tail. BBC Wildlife August, 28–34.
Struhsaker, T. T. & Siex K. S. 1998. Translocation and introduction of the Zanzibar red colobus monkey:
success and failure with an endangered island endemic. Oryx 32, 277–284.
Stuart, C. & Stuart, T. 1997. A preliminary faunal survey of south-eastern Unguja (Zanzibar) with special
emphasis on the leopard Panthera pardus adersi. Zanzibar Forestry Technical Paper 88. Zanzibar:
Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry, and Loxton, South Africa: African–Arabian Wildlife
Taylor-Ide, J. O. 2000. In search of the clouded leopard. National Geographic September 2000, 114 –
Ullas Karanth, K. 1995. Estimating tiger Panthera tigris populations from camera-trap data using
capture–recapture models. Biological Conservation 71, 333–338.
United Republic of Tanzania 1991. 1988 population census: Unguja regional profi le. Dar es Salaam: President’s
Offi ce, Planning Commission, Bureau of Statistics.
Van Rompaey, H. & Colyn, M. 1998. A new servaline genet (Carnivora, Viverridae) from Zanzibar
island. South African Journal of Zoology 33, 42–46.
Walsh, M. T. 1996. The Zanzibar leopard: an anthropological survey. End of fi eldwork summary. Zanzibar:
Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry. (A PDF can be obtained from the author or HVG
Weaber, K. K. 1997. Zanzibar red colobus monkey (Procolobus kirkii) distribution in Jozani Forest
Reserve. Zanzibar Forestry Technical Paper 80. Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and
Forestry, School of International Training.
Wildlife Conservation Society 2002. African predator “rediscovered” in Tanzania. On the internet at
http://wcs.org/7411/?art=59535. 18 June. (See also BBC News on the internet: Science and Technology,
20 June 2002.)
Wildlife Conservation Society 2003. First-ever photo of wild Siberian tiger taken in China. 10 February,
on the internet at http://wcs.org/7411/?art=32092190. (See also BBC News on the internet: Asia-
Pacifi c, 7 February 2003.)
Williams, A., Masoud, T. S. & W. Othman 1998. Community-based conservation: experiences from
Zanzibar. Gatekeeper Series 80. London: International Institute for Environment and Development.
Williams, A. J., Mwinyi, A. A. & Ali, S. J. 1996. A population survey of the three mini-antelopes—
Ader’s duiker (Cephalophus adersi), Zanzibar blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola sundevalli), suni
(Neotragus moschatus moschatus)—of Unguja, Zanzibar. Zanzibar Forestry Technical Paper 26.
Zanzibar: Dept. of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry.
Yoon, C. K. 2002. Forces are joined to track an elusive, endangered cheetah. New York Times 8 January,
Zanzibar Revolutionary Government 1992. Household budget survey 1991. Volume III. Basic social
demog raphic and housing characteristics. Zanzibar: Dept. of Statistics, Ministry of Planning.
Zanzibar Revolutionary Government 1997. The Environmental Management for Sustainable Development
Act 1996. Zanzibar: Government Printer.
Zanzibar Revolutionary Government 1997. The Forest Resources Management and Conservation Act no.
10 of 1996. Zanzibar: Government Printer.